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In the world of manufacturing and precision machining, Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machines have revolutionized the industry by offering high levels of automation and accuracy. One such machine is the máquina VMC, which stands for Vertical Machining Center and plays a vital role in various CNC manufacturing processes. 

LAXMI METAL AND MACHINES Italy and India is always up to date on machine tools news and technological innovations. For this reason we could not avoid talking about these fundamental machine tools, of which we are able to supply many different types.

In this article, we will explore what a máquina VMC is, the different types available, its applications, and how these machines tools differ from Horizontal Machining Centers (HMC).  Finally, we will take a look at some of the best used VMC machines brands that LAXMI METAL AND MACHINES Italy and India can offer you. 

What is a VMC Machine?

Un máquina VMC is a type of CNC machine that is specifically designed for vertical machining operations. It features a vertical spindle orientation, where the cutting tool is positioned,of course, vertically, allowing for the precise cutting, shaping, and drilling of materials. The machine’s spindle can move along the X, Y, and Z axes, enabling it to perform a wide range of complex operations with high precision.

Types of VMC Machines

There are various types of máquinas VMC available, each designed for specific applications and varying levels of complexity. Some common types include:

  • 3-axis VMC: This type of machine is equipped with three linear axes, X, Y, and Z. It is the most basic form of VMC and is suitable for simpler machining tasks, such as drilling holes, cutting shapes, and milling flat surfaces;
  • 4-axis VMC: In addition to the three linear axes, the 4-axis VMC also includes an additional rotary axis (A-axis) that allows for rotational movements. This added axis enables the machine to perform more intricate operations, such as helical milling, thread milling, and indexing;
  • 5-axis VMC: The 5-axis VMC offers the highest level of flexibility and precision. It includes the three linear axes (X, Y, and Z) along with two additional rotary axes (A and B). This configuration enables simultaneous movement and rotation of the cutting tool, allowing for complex multi-sided machining and the creation of intricate 3D shapes;

Applications of VMC Machines

máquinas VMC find applications in a wide range of industries, including aerospace machining, automotive machining, medical machining, electronics machining, and mold making. 

Some common applications of VMC machines include:

  • milling: VMC machines excel at milling operations, including face milling, contour milling, and pocket milling. They can accurately cut and shape various materials such as metal, plastic, and wood, creating complex and precise components;
  • drilling: VMC machines are capable of drilling holes with high precision and repeatability. They can perform drilling operations in different sizes, depths, and orientations, making them ideal for creating holes for fasteners or intricate patterns;
  • engraving and texturing: VMC machines equipped with specialized tools can perform engraving and texturing operations on a variety of materials. This capability is particularly useful for adding aesthetic or functional details to components, such as branding, identification marks, or textures for improved grip.

VMC Machines vs. HMC Machines

While VMC machines are designed for vertical machining, Horizontal Machining Centers (HMC) are designed for horizontal operations. Here are some key differences between the two:

  • orientation: the primary difference lies in the spindle orientation. VMC machines have a vertical spindle, while HMC machines have a horizontal spindle. This distinction determines the primary axis of movement for each machine;
  • workpiece placement: in VMC machines, the workpiece is placed on the table or pallet in a vertical position and, sometimes, you cah also have double pallet machining centers . In contrast, HMC machines have a horizontal workpiece placement, where the workpiece rests on a horizontal table or pallet.
  • chip evacuation: VMC machines are generally better at chip evacuation due to their vertical spindle orientation. Gravity helps in the efficient removal of chips and debris from the machining area, reducing the chances of chip build-up and improving overall machining efficiency. HMC machines, on the other hand, may require additional measures, such as chip conveyors or coolant systems, to ensure effective chip evacuation;
  • tool access and change: VMC machines typically have easier access to the workpiece and allow for convenient tool changes. The vertical orientation of the spindle and the accessibility of the table make it easier to load and unload workpieces and swap tools during machining processes. HMC machines may require more extensive tool change setups and may have limited accessibility for larger workpieces;
  • workpiece size and weight: VMC machines are generally better suited for smaller to medium-sized workpieces. They offer compact designs and are suitable for applications where space is limited. HMC machines, on the other hand, are typically larger and can handle larger and heavier workpieces due to their horizontal orientation and robust construction;
  • machining complexity: While VMC machines offer excellent precision and accuracy, HMC machines are better equipped for complex multi-sided machining. The horizontal spindle orientation allows for the simultaneous machining of multiple sides of a workpiece without the need for repositioning, reducing setup times and increasing productivity.


El máquina VMC plays a crucial role in modern manufacturing processes, offering high levels of precision, automation, and versatility. With various types available, including 3-axis, 4-axis, and 5-axis machines, VMCs can cater to a wide range of applications, from simple milling and drilling to complex multi-sided machining.

LAXMI METAL AND MACHINES Italy and India has in store all sorts of used VMC machines, that are selected, revisioned and renewed by professionals, to ensure you the maximum quality and a final product that is as good as new and that can last for many years of heavy usage. 

Here are some of the best brands in the market of VMC machines that Laxmi can offer you: 

  • Enshu Vertical Machining Center;
  • Feeler Vertical Machining Center;
  • Eikon Vertical Machining Center;
  • Mori Seiki Vertical Machining Center;
  • Mandelli Vertical Machining Center;
  • CNS SRL Vertical Machining Center;
  • AWEA Vertical Machining Center;
  • Fanuc Vertical Machining Center;
  • Dart Vertical Machining Center;
  • Daewoo Vertical Machining Center;
  • Doosan Vertical Machining Center;
  • Sigma Vertical Machining Center;
  • OKUMA Vertical Machining Center;
  • OKK Vertical Machining Center;
  • HEDELIUS Vertical Machining Center;
  • HYUNDAI WIA Vertical Machining Center;
  • KAFO Vertical Machining Center;
  • And many more.

Contact us by calling mr. SATISH KUMAR JOON at +91 9896105058 (India) or mr. Abhinav Joon at +39 3487338048 (Italy), filling the form in our pagina de contacto, o a través de nuestro chat en línea que puedes encontrar al pie de cada página. LAXMI es un vendedor de máquinas herramienta en Ferrara, ITALIA y Haryana, INDIA.